I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY [..] Persons belonging to national minorities with Estonian citizenship enjoy full electoral rights. However, despite notable efforts in facilitating integration and naturalization, a considerable number of residents “with undetermined citizenship”, most of ethnic Russian background, aredisenfranchised in national elections. Minorities-related issues did not feature prominently in the campaign and most parties avoided … Continue reading "ODIHR Election Expert Team Final Report (excerpts), 2019"
[..] In Estonia, in addition to launching the Tallinn Guidelines, I engaged with the Government, minority representatives, civil society, and education professionals, both in the capital as well as in Narva. This regional visit complemented my first assessment of Estonia’s minority-related situation, following my first visit to the country in my current capacity in June … Continue reading "HCNM statement to the 1229th Meeting of the OSCE Permanent Council (excerpt), 2019"
SUMMARY [..] Human rights of older persons [..] Consideration should be given to the situation of older persons among the Russian-speaking minority. [..] INTRODUCTION [..] 3. The Commissioner’s visit included Ida-Viru, the north-easternmost of Estonia’s 15 counties, where over 70% of the population belongs to the Russian-speaking minority. [..] [..] 1 GENDER EQUALITY AND WOMEN’S … Continue reading "Commissioner’s visit report (excerpts), 2018"
The European Parliament (..) 32. Regrets that no significant progress has been made in the case concerning the electoral rights of non-citizens in Estonia and Latvia, following petition No 0747/2016; stresses that any unnecessary delays may cause distrust in the European institutions; Document data: adopted 14.12.2017; P8_TA(2017)0502 Also available in Latvian Link: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?pubRef=-//EP//TEXT+TA+P8-TA-2017-0502+0+DOC+XML+V0//EN&language=EN
A. Background and framework 1. Scope of international obligations 1. Joint Submission 1(JS1) noted that Estonia was not party to any international instruments dealing specifically with statelessness.2 Human Rights Watch (HRW) recommended that Estonia ratify the 1954 Convention Relating to the Status of Stateless Persons, the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness and the … Continue reading "OHCHR Summary of stakeholders’ information for UPR 2nd round on Estonia (excerpts), 2015"
SUMMARY Since the adoption of ECRI’s fourth report on Estonia on 15 December 2009, progress has been made in a number of areas addressed in the report. With regard to legislation, a recent amendment to the Citizenship Act relaxes the language requirements for persons over 65 years of age applying for Estonian nationality and will, … Continue reading "ECRI 5th report on Estonia (excerpts on citizenship & participation), 2015"
I. KEY FINDINGS [..] Assessment of measures taken to implement the third cycle recommendations for immediate action [..] 9. Finally, some steps were taken to consult persons belonging to national minorities in the run-up to the adoption of the Strategy “Integrating Estonia 2020”. More generally, no measures have been taken to expand consultative mechanisms for … Continue reading "FCNM Advisory Committee 4th opinion on Estonia (excerpts on participation), 2015"
B. Positive aspects [..] 4. The Committee also welcomes the amendment of legislation aimed at addressing discrimination such as: (a) Amendment to the Citizenship Act (1 August 2012), which simplifies naturalization procedures for persons with disabilities and persons with restricted active legal capacity; [..] C. Concerns and recommendations [..] Persons with undetermined citizenship 11. While … Continue reading "CERD Concluding observations on Estonia (excerpts on citizenship and participation), 2014"
Summary [..] The Special Rapporteur puts forward a number of recommendations, including the following: [..] Estonia should sign the 1954 Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons and the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness [..] II. GENERAL BACKGROUND [..] B. Demographic, ethnic and religious composition [..] 12. An important demographic distinction is … Continue reading "Rapporteur on racism, visit report (excerpts on citizenship and participation), 2008"
II. Protection of national minorities 5. According to official statistics3 , Estonia had a total of 1.345 million inhabitants in 2006. There are more than a hundred nationalities represented in Estonia. The largest groups are Estonians (68.6%), Russians (25.7%), Ukrainians (2.1%) and Belarusians (1.2%). Eighty-three point six percent of the population are Estonian citizens, 7.4% … Continue reading "Commissioner’s memorandum (excerpts on citizenship & participation), 2007"