[..] 79. In its observations before the Court, the LRTK stated that the decision of 18 May 2016 had been taken on the ground that a programme broadcast on the channel NTV Mir Lithuania contained false information which incited hostility and hatred based on nationality against the Baltic countries concerning the collaboration of Lithuanians and … Continue reading "ECJ judgment in the case C-622/17 (excerpt), 2019"
I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY [..] Persons belonging to national minorities with Estonian citizenship enjoy full electoral rights. However, despite notable efforts in facilitating integration and naturalization, a considerable number of residents “with undetermined citizenship”, most of ethnic Russian background, aredisenfranchised in national elections. Minorities-related issues did not feature prominently in the campaign and most parties avoided … Continue reading "ODIHR Election Expert Team Final Report (excerpts), 2019"
[..] I have just concluded a visit to Estonia where I attended the Lennart Meri Conference and held a series of meetings with representatives of the Government, civil society and national minorities in Tallinn. I took note of the significant progress made in the integration of the Estonian society during the last two decades, especially … Continue reading "HCNM statement to the 1188th Meeting of the OSCE Permanent Council (excerpt), 2018"
[..] 2. In its report on Estonia published on 13 October 2015, ECRI recommended that the authorities take advantage of the launch of the 2020 integration strategy to run an information campaign for all vulnerable groups, and in particular the Russian-speaking minority and/or persons of undetermined citizenship, placing the emphasis on the fact that the … Continue reading "ECRI follow-up conclusions (excerpt on integration), 2018"
THE FACTS I. THE CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE CASE [..] B. Article and comments published on the Internet news portal 16. On 24 January 2006 the applicant company published an article on the Delfi portal under the heading “SLK Destroyed Planned Ice Road”. Ice roads are public roads over the frozen sea which are open between … Continue reading "ECtHR Grand Chamber judgment in DELFI AS v. Estonia (excerpts), 2015"
I. KEY FINDINGS [..] Assessment of measures taken to implement the further recommendations from the third monitoring cycle [..] 11. The media environment remains deeply divided along linguistic lines with different segments of society, in particular the Estonian and Russian speakers, consuming different media, which not only differ in language, but also in cultural, political … Continue reading "FCNM Advisory Committee 4th opinion on Estonia (excerpts on media), 2015"
1 The Policy Context [..] 1.3 The Economic and Socio-demographic Context [..] 1.3.2 The Economy and Labour market The period following the restoration of independence witnessed dramatic changes in the Estonian labour market19. The size of the labour force declined. The primary sector (agriculture, fishing, forestry) effectively collapsed, the industrial sector also contracted, while the … Continue reading "Language Education Policy Profile (excerpts on employment and media), 2010"