SUMMARY [..] ECRI welcomes these positive developments in Estonia. However, despite the progress achieved, some issues continue to give rise to concern. [..] With regard to integration, Russian-speaking citizens and people of undetermined citizenship have not been sufficiently consulted on the implementation of the Language Act, in particular concerning the acquisition of citizenship. This legislation … Continue reading "ECRI 5th report on Estonia (excerpts on language), 2015"
SUMMARY [..] Strong legislative provisions and policies designed to protect the Estonian language and to guarantee its pre-eminence in all areas of public life, despite the multilingual makeup of Estonian society, remain cornerstones of public policy in Estonia. [..] [..] Recommendations for immediate action: [..] ensure that the Language Act is implemented in a flexible … Continue reading "FCNM Advisory Committee 4th opinion on Estonia (excerpts on other language issues), 2015"
B. Positive aspects 3. The Committee welcomes the efforts of the State party to amend its policies, programmes and administrative measures to give effect to the Convention, including: [..] (b) Launching of a two-year targeted project by the Ministry of Education and Science for increasing the quality of educational and linguistic counselling for pupils of … Continue reading "CERD Concluding observations on Estonia (excerpts on language), 2014"
B.Positive aspects (..) 5.The Committee welcomes the State party’s efforts to revise its legislation in areas of relevance to the Convention, including: (..) (c)The entry into force on 1 January 2009 of the Equal Treatment Act which ensures the right to effective remedy to victims of direct and indirect discrimination and harassment. (..) 6.The Committee … Continue reading "CAT concluding observations on Estonia (excerpts), 2013"
1 The Policy Context [..] 1.2 The Political and Legal Context [..] 1.2.2 Citizenship Laws According to the 1992 Citizenship Act persons residing in Estonia, who held Estonian citizenship before June 16, 1940, and their descendants (approximately 900,000 persons), automatically became citizens of post-Soviet Estonia. The current requirements for citizenship for other residents include: long-term … Continue reading "Language Education Policy Profile (excerpts on demographics and citizenship), 2010"
Summary [..] The Special Rapporteur puts forward a number of recommendations, including the following: [..] The language policy in Estonia should be subject to an open and inclusive debate, in close consultation with ethnic minorities, aimed at finding strategies that better reflect the multilingual character of Estonian society [..] II. GENERAL BACKGROUND A. Historical and … Continue reading "Rapporteur on racism, visit report (excerpts on language), 2008"
[..] I THE PROTECTION OF MINORITIES Background 4. Estonia is a multi-cultural and multi-ethnic2 society hosting a large number of minorities. Numerically, the Russian minority forms the largest minority in Estonia, comprising more than 350.000 persons, or more than one quarter of the population of Estonia. In addition, many persons belonging to other minorities, declared … Continue reading "Commissioner’s visit report (excerpts on language & integration), 2004"