3. Cases of disinformation, misinformation and hate speech [..] 3.1 ‘Colonialism’ by the West [..] According to a RAND report (Helmut et al. 2018), Russian actors are actively engaged in disseminating disinformation to Russian speakers in the Baltics, through a variety of means including traditional and social media. According to the report, in some cases … Continue reading "Disinformation campaigns about LGBTI+ people in the EU and foreign influence (excerpt), 2021"
DEFENDING THE CONSTITUTIONAL ORDER [..] The 1990s – a time to learn how to swim at the deep end [..] [..] As a result of the collapse of the Soviet Union, the immigrants brought to Estonia during the occupation period – the majority of whom were Russian-speaking – were left stateless and unemployed. Thousands of … Continue reading "Internal Security Service annual review 2019 (excerpts on minority activism), 2020"
Estonia In their reports, the international human rights organizations allege that the Republic of Estonia systematically violates national minorities’ fundamental human rights guaranteed by international instruments and rejects or ignores multiple recommendations by the relevant agencies and bodies of the United Nations, the OSCE and the Council of Europe, as well as the leading international … Continue reading "Human Rights situation in certain countries (excerpts), 2020"
[..] 79. In its observations before the Court, the LRTK stated that the decision of 18 May 2016 had been taken on the ground that a programme broadcast on the channel NTV Mir Lithuania contained false information which incited hostility and hatred based on nationality against the Baltic countries concerning the collaboration of Lithuanians and … Continue reading "ECJ judgment in the case C-622/17 (excerpt), 2019"
122.60 Combat discrimination on account of nationality, ethnic or religious affiliation, and sexual orientation or gender identity; 122.76 Establish measures to promote tolerance of ethnic and religious diversity in society Document data: 19.01.2016 (report A/HRC/32/7 – 12.04.2016). Both recommendations were accepted by Estonia. Link: http://daccess-ods.un.org/access.nsf/Get?Open&DS=A/HRC/32/7&Lang=E
I. KEY FINDINGS [..] Assessment of measures taken to implement the further recommendations from the third monitoring cycle [..] 11. The media environment remains deeply divided along linguistic lines with different segments of society, in particular the Estonian and Russian speakers, consuming different media, which not only differ in language, but also in cultural, political … Continue reading "FCNM Advisory Committee 4th opinion on Estonia (excerpts on media), 2015"
The OSCE Parliamentary Assembly: [..] 20. Demands that the Russian Federation [..] cease its subversive activities within the ethnic Russian populations of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania; Document data: June-July 2014. Link: https://www.oscepa.org/documents/annual-sessions/2014-baku/declaration-2/2540-2014-baku-declaration-eng/file Also available in Russian and other languages https://www.oscepa.org/documents/annual-sessions/2014-baku/declaration-2
[..] PROCEDURE 1. The case originated in an application (no. 10195/08) against the Republic of Estonia lodged with the Court under Article 34 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (“the Convention”) by seven Estonian residents on 29 February 2008. The first applicant, Mr Aleksandr Korobov, is an Estonian national born in … Continue reading "ECtHR judgment in Korobov v. Estonia (excerpts), 2013"
[..] PROCEDURE 1. The case originated in two applications (nos. 14480/08 and 47916/08) against the Republic of Estonia lodged with the Court under Article 34 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (“the Convention”) by forty-five former servicemen of the Russian (Soviet) army (“the applicants”), on 24 March and 2 October 2008, respectively. … Continue reading "ECtHR judgment in Tarkoev v. Estonia (excerpts), 2010"
2 Languages as media of instruction and languages as school subjects in Schools of General Education 2.1 Introduction and Overview [..] Languages as school subjects [..] Composite figures given in the Foreign Language Strategy indicates clearly the respective positions of English and Russian and the definite overall pattern: English as language A (student’s first choice … Continue reading "Language Education Policy Profile (excerpts on Russian language in Estonian medium schools), 2010"