ESTONIAN AND RUSSIAN LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY OF ESTONIAN RESIDENTS Compared to 2008, the general Estonian language proficiency of residents of other nationalities has improved. It’s positive that the share of people whose language proficiency is active has increased to 41% (from 32% in 2008): they understand and speak Estonian, and write in it. The share of … Continue reading "Estonian Integration Monitoring 2020 (excerpts on language skills & interethnic relations), 2021"
[..] In Estonia, in addition to launching the Tallinn Guidelines, I engaged with the Government, minority representatives, civil society, and education professionals, both in the capital as well as in Narva. This regional visit complemented my first assessment of Estonia’s minority-related situation, following my first visit to the country in my current capacity in June … Continue reading "HCNM statement to the 1229th Meeting of the OSCE Permanent Council (excerpt), 2019"
[..] 2. In its report on Estonia published on 13 October 2015, ECRI recommended that the authorities take advantage of the launch of the 2020 integration strategy to run an information campaign for all vulnerable groups, and in particular the Russian-speaking minority and/or persons of undetermined citizenship, placing the emphasis on the fact that the … Continue reading "ECRI follow-up conclusions (excerpt on integration), 2018"
Article 1(1)(a) of the Convention. Prohibited grounds of discrimination. The Committee recalls its previous comments regarding the protection against discrimination in the Equal Treatment Act of 2008 based on national extraction, social origin and political opinion, and with regard to all aspects of employment, including education and social protection. The Committee notes the Government’s indication … Continue reading "CEACR Direct Request to Estonia under ILO Convention No. 111 (excerpts), 2016"
122.60 Combat discrimination on account of nationality, ethnic or religious affiliation, and sexual orientation or gender identity; 122.76 Establish measures to promote tolerance of ethnic and religious diversity in society Document data: 19.01.2016 (report A/HRC/32/7 – 12.04.2016). Both recommendations were accepted by Estonia. Link: http://daccess-ods.un.org/access.nsf/Get?Open&DS=A/HRC/32/7&Lang=E
SUMMARY [..] Estonia also conducted an integration programme over the period 2008-2013. The programme covered the needs of all vulnerable groups with emphasis on the integration of Russian-speaking citizens and people of undetermined citizenship. The results of the census carried out in 2011 bear witness to the impact of this programme, in particular a decrease … Continue reading "ECRI 5th report on Estonia (excerpts on integration), 2015"
SUMMARY Estonia has continued its efforts to promote integration of society. The latest expression of these efforts is the Strategy “Integrating Estonia 2020” adopted in December 2014. [..] [..] I. KEY FINDINGS [..] General overview of the present situation 4. Estonia has maintained a consistent albeit de facto policy of an inclusive approach as regards … Continue reading "FCNM Advisory Committee 4th opinion on Estonia (excerpts on integration), 2015"
B. Positive aspects 3. The Committee welcomes the efforts of the State party to amend its policies, programmes and administrative measures to give effect to the Convention, including: (a) Adoption of the State Integration Programme 2014–2020, which includes social and economic integration; [..] C. Concerns and recommendations [..] Integration Strategy 9. The Committee is concerned … Continue reading "CERD Concluding observations on Estonia (excerpts on integration, public services and personal names), 2014"
2 Languages as media of instruction and languages as school subjects in Schools of General Education 2.1 Introduction and Overview [..] Languages as school subjects [..] Composite figures given in the Foreign Language Strategy indicates clearly the respective positions of English and Russian and the definite overall pattern: English as language A (student’s first choice … Continue reading "Language Education Policy Profile (excerpts on Russian language in Estonian medium schools), 2010"
Summary [..] The Special Rapporteur notes that Estonia, as the other Baltic countries, is at a turning point in its history. The legacy of Soviet domination and occupation left scars that have yet to be healed, profoundly affecting the dynamics of inter-community relations. The main challenge that Estonia currently faces is to build a democratic, … Continue reading "Rapporteur on racism, visit report (excerpts on integration and culture), 2008"