The second problematic area relates to the treatment of the “non-historic” Russian-speaking minority, which has given rise to some concern in the last three years, especially as far as the granting of residence permits and citizenship (and the language test that has to be passed in order obtain the latter) are concerned
8. The Assembly thus urges the Estonian authorities to:
- 8.2. seek to integrate those members of the “non-historic” Russian-speaking minority, who so wish, by improving the teaching of Estonian as a foreign language in public schools and universities, and in adult education by offering language courses free of charge or at a reduced rate to applicants for Estonian citizenship (especially in Russian-speaking areas);
- 8.3. amend the 1993 Law on Education so as to allow the continued functioning of the Russian language state-funded secondary schools as long as there is a sufficient demand by parents;
9. Considering that the most important obligations and commitments have been honoured by Estonia, the Assembly has decided to close the monitoring procedure opened on 29 May 1995 under Order No. 508. It resolves to continue to follow developments, in particular with regard to the treatment of refugees and asylum-seekers, the “non-historic” Russian-speaking minority, as well as conditions of custody and detention and the abolition of the death penalty.
Document data: 30.01.1997. Resolution 1117 (1997) Link: https://assembly.coe.int/nw/xml/XRef/Xref-XML2HTML-en.asp?fileid=16528&lang=en