Promoting social cohesion through balanced policies on languages [..] The Advisory Committee on the FCNM has consistently emphasised, in respect of a range of countries, including Estonia, Georgia, Latvia, Moldova, North Macedonia, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine and the Russian Federation, that policies on the use of languages should aim to reconcile the needs of different groups of speakers, those of the … Continue reading "Commissioner’s statement on language policies (excerpts), 2019"
SUMMARY [..] Human rights of older persons [..] Consideration should be given to the situation of older persons among the Russian-speaking minority. [..] INTRODUCTION [..] 3. The Commissioner’s visit included Ida-Viru, the north-easternmost of Estonia’s 15 counties, where over 70% of the population belongs to the Russian-speaking minority. [..] [..] 1 GENDER EQUALITY AND WOMEN’S … Continue reading "Commissioner’s visit report (excerpts), 2018"
Summary [..] 3. Human rights of children There are 1181 stateless children under the age of 15 in Estonia. Although parents can use a simple and accessible procedure to acquire Estonian nationality for their stateless children, the authorities also bear responsibility for preventing statelessness among children. The Commissioner urges the government to initiate a reform … Continue reading "Commissioner’s visit report (excerpts on stateless children), 2013"
Summary [..] 1. Economic crisis and its effects on the enjoyment of human rights [..] Access to education, vocational training and the labour market must be non-discriminatory. [..] The long-standing socio-economic gap between ethnic minorities and the majority population has become more pronounced following the economic crisis. It is particularly worrying that the gap is … Continue reading "Commissioner’s visit report (excerpts on employment and access to justice), 2013"
Another significant population of stateless children lives in Latvia and Estonia. Legislation in Latvia grants a special status to 304,000 “non-citizens” while Estonia has some 92,000 “aliens” or “persons of undetermined citizenship”. Among them, at the end of 2011, there were about 1,500 stateless children under the age of 15 in Estonia and approximately 9,000 … Continue reading "Comment “Governments should act in the best interest of stateless children” (excerpts), 2013"
II. Protection of national minorities 5. According to official statistics3 , Estonia had a total of 1.345 million inhabitants in 2006. There are more than a hundred nationalities represented in Estonia. The largest groups are Estonians (68.6%), Russians (25.7%), Ukrainians (2.1%) and Belarusians (1.2%). Eighty-three point six percent of the population are Estonian citizens, 7.4% … Continue reading "Commissioner’s memorandum (excerpts on citizenship & participation), 2007"
[..] IX. NON-DISCRIMINATION, SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC RIGHTS 74. In his 2004 report, the Commissioner recommended to the authorities that they “strengthen the legislative framework in the field of non-discrimination, and equality between men and women; ratify Protocol 12 to the European Convention on Human Rights, and the Additional Protocol to the European Social Charter relating … Continue reading "Commissioner’s memorandum (excerpts on anti-discrimination & ratifications), 2007"
[..] X. Spread of HIV/AIDS [..] 1. Prevention of HIV among vulnerable groups in Estonia [..] 83. HIV in Estonia is spreading mainly in the risk group of injecting drug users and their sexual partners. There are 26 needle exchange points and 497 methadone substitution centres for injecting drug users. Most infections are reported from … Continue reading "Commissioner’s memorandum (excerpt on health), 2007"
[..] II. Protection of national minorities [..] 2. Issues related to languages 15. Non-citizens who have obtained at least primary education proficiency in the Estonian language are exempted from the language examination in the naturalisation process. Also, the language proficiency requirement was removed for electoral candidates. 16. However, the Advisory Committee of the Framework Convention … Continue reading "Commissioner’s memorandum (excerpts on language & education), 2007"
[..] I THE PROTECTION OF MINORITIES Background 4. Estonia is a multi-cultural and multi-ethnic2 society hosting a large number of minorities. Numerically, the Russian minority forms the largest minority in Estonia, comprising more than 350.000 persons, or more than one quarter of the population of Estonia. In addition, many persons belonging to other minorities, declared … Continue reading "Commissioner’s visit report (excerpts on language & integration), 2004"