INFORMATION The results for 2020 reveal that according to their self-assessment, people of other nationalities have been feeling increasingly more informed about what is going on in their locality and in Estonia over the last 12 years (70% in 2008, 87% and 89%, respectively, in 2020). Another significant trend in the case of residents of … Continue reading "Estonian Integration Monitoring 2020 (excerpt on media), 2021"
[..] Whilst the share of children attending Russian-language pre-schools has decreased from 23% to 15% from 2008–2020, the decrease in the share of basic school students learning in Russian has been slower: their number has dropped from 19% to 16% over the same period of time. [..] INSTRUCTION LANGUAGE PREFERENCES [..] The biggest group of … Continue reading "Estonian Integration Monitoring 2020 (excerpts on education), 2021"
ESTONIAN AND RUSSIAN LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY OF ESTONIAN RESIDENTS Compared to 2008, the general Estonian language proficiency of residents of other nationalities has improved. It’s positive that the share of people whose language proficiency is active has increased to 41% (from 32% in 2008): they understand and speak Estonian, and write in it. The share of … Continue reading "Estonian Integration Monitoring 2020 (excerpts on language skills & interethnic relations), 2021"
Estonia’s criminal code includes an incitement to violence provision. The Ministry of Justice is responsible for collecting hate crime data. Data on hate crime are regularly published as part of the ministry’s annual report on crime in Estonia. How hate crime data is collected Police officers are obliged to categorize each case reported to the … Continue reading "Hate crime data 2019 (Estonia), 2020"
ESTONIA Official data The Estonian government informed FRA that, in 2019, the authorities recorded two crimes motivated by antisemitism (the motivation behind the incidents was recorded when the crimes were reported). No reported antisemitic incidents or crimes were recorded in 2015–2018. In 2016 and 2017, the Ministry of Justice of Estonia published a chapter on suspected … Continue reading "Antisemitism – Overview of data available in the EU 2009–2019 (excerpt), 2020"
1. The petitioner is M.T., an Estonian national of Russian ethnicity, born in 1981. He claims that the State party violated his rights under article 2 (2) of the Convention. Estonia acceded to the Convention on 21 October 1991 and made the declaration under article 14 on 21 July 2010. Facts as submitted by the … Continue reading "CERD decision in M.T. v. Estonia (excerpts), 2020"
3. RACISM, XENOPHOBIA AND RELATED INTOLERANCE [..] 3.2. LEGAL AND POLICY INITIATIVES TO CURB HATE CRIME AND HATE SPEECH FALL SHORT [..] In Estonia, the penal code explicitly prohibits incitement to hatred,30 while punishment for hate crimes can be imposed by applying a provision regarding aggravating circumstances. 30 Estonia, Penal Code (Karistusseadustik), § 151, 1 … Continue reading "Fundamental Rights Report 2020 (excerpts), 2020"
DEFENDING THE CONSTITUTIONAL ORDER [..] The 1990s – a time to learn how to swim at the deep end [..] [..] As a result of the collapse of the Soviet Union, the immigrants brought to Estonia during the occupation period – the majority of whom were Russian-speaking – were left stateless and unemployed. Thousands of … Continue reading "Internal Security Service annual review 2019 (excerpts on minority activism), 2020"
Section 1. Respect for the Integrity of the Person, Including Freedom from: [..] E. DENIAL OF FAIR PUBLIC TRIAL PROPERTY RESTITUTION The government has laws and mechanisms in place for property restitution, and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and advocacy groups reported no issues with the government’s resolution of Holocaust-era claims, including for foreign citizens. [..] Section … Continue reading "2019 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices (excerpts), 2020"
Article 17 – Right of children and young persons to social, legal and economic protection Paragraph 1 – Assistance, education and training The Committee takes note of the information contained in the report submitted by Estonia. The legal status of the child The Committee has noted with concern the increasing number of children in Europe … Continue reading "ECSR conclusions on Estonia under Article 17 RESC (excerpt on citizenship), 2020"