The number of non-citizens in Estonia remains high and amounts to 5.3% of the total population. Systemic discrimination due to insufficient knowledge of the Estonian language does not cease and leads to a high level of unemployment and poverty among the non-Estonian-speaking population.
Following international commitments have been violated: ICESCR art. 6 (right to work) ICCPR art. 26 (right to equality before the law and equal protection against discrimination on any ground such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status)
The arrest on 21 March 2021 of Sergei Seredenko, a lawyer and member
of the Estonian United Left Party not represented in the Riigikogu, on
suspicion of maintaining relations against the Republic of Estonia, has signs
of political prosecution.
Mr. Seredenko was a Russian human rights activist in Estonia from 2004
to 2014. Since 2014, he has been involved in scientific activities. He is the
author of the books «Prosecution of human rights ombudsmen in Baltic
States», «Ukrainianization of Baltic States: Export of political practices»,
«Right-wing radicalism in the party-political systems of modern European
states». He hosts the weekly human rights review on the Baltic States
«Political Corrector» on the web portal Baltnews.ee. His area of interest is
human rights, constitutional law, anti-fascist activities.
Due to his human rights’ activities Mr. Seredenko could not get a job in
Estonia in his specialty.
Following international commitments have been violated: ICCPR
art. 19 (freedom of opinion and expression) art. 26 (right to equality before the law and equal protection against discrimination on any ground such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status)
The recognition by the Estonian Internal Security Service of the Estonian Orthodox Church of the Moscow Patriarchate as a «threat» to the security of the Estonian state has signs of actions restricting religious freedoms (Report of the Estonian Internal Security Service, 2021).
The actions of the Estonian police on May 9, 2021 reveal signs of political persecution:
– detention on May 9, 2021 by the Estonian police representatives of the public association «Descendants of the Great Patriotic War veterans», who were on their way to the monument to the fallen of World War II to organize a guard of honor;
– summons for interrogation to the police of the member of the board of the Estonian public association «Russian Compatriots of Europe» Sergei Tšaulin, the organizer of the Victory Day rally, on the eve of the rally in order to cancel the rally, which would have become illegal without the participation of the organizer;
– stop and search of the Tšaulin’s car after his interrogation by the police at the same day. The police seized a poster with the symbols of the «Immortal Regiment» and bottles of liquid for lighting the fireplace. The police stated that Mr. Tšaulin was planning an unregistered public event.
Following international commitments have been violated: ICCPR art. 27 (right of national minorities to enjoy their own culture, to profess and practise their own religion, and to use their own language )
Document data: Foreign ministry of Belarus. 30.06.2021 Link: https://mfa.gov.by/kcfinder/upload/files/GUMDI/doklad2_eng.pdf Also available in Russian: https://mfa.gov.by/kcfinder/upload/files/Press_Service/doklad_rus.pdf