Hate crime data 2019 (Estonia), 2020

Estonia’s criminal code includes an incitement to violence provision. The Ministry of Justice is responsible for collecting hate crime data. Data on hate crime are regularly published as part of the ministry’s annual report on crime in Estonia.

How hate crime data is collected

Police officers are obliged to categorize each case reported to the police. Among other values (case type), it is possible to choose between three categories of hate crime:

1. Bias against race, religion origin;
2. Bias against sexual orientation and identity; and
3. Bias against other groups (disability and other social groups).

Methods for identifying hate crimes are described in an instruction prepared by the Ministry of Justice.

Law enforcement agents can mark the motive of a criminal case when the suspect has been identified. It is not obligatory to mark/select/define the motive of the crime because this is not required by the law. Law enforcement agents can choose “hate motive” (vaenumotiiv in Estonian) from the different classifications of motive in the electronic database – the Police Information System. This “hate crime flag” is currently not visible to prosecutors.

All reported crimes are recorded in an electronic system called E-File, which is used by several client-systems including the Police Information System and the Criminal Case Management Register used by prosecutors and investigative bodies. The E-File is an integrated central information system that provides all criminal justice bodies with access to criminal files and enables simultaneous exchange of information. Data entered in the MIS is simultaneously accessible by a prosecutor in the Criminal Case Management Register. The entered information can be further used and changed by the prosecutor in the prosecutors’ Register and sent if necessary to the courts information system (KIS). Later, the procedural information and the court decision can be delivered to the Information System of Prisons (VangIS).

The E-File is also used to generate crime statistics, including on hate crimes.

Select year: 2019

OFFICIAL DATA

YearHate crimes recorded by policeProsecutedSentencedAbout these data
2019Not availableNot availableNot available
2018Not availableNot availableNot available
2017Not availableNot availableNot available
201615Not availableNot available
2015Not availableNot availableNot available

INCIDENTS REPORTED BY OTHER SOURCES

Total 7 incidents

2 – violent attacks against people3 – violent attacks against people1 – Attacks against property2 – violent attacks against people
Racism and xenophobiaBias against Muslims Bias against ChristiansAnti-Semitism

Kantor Center reported only statistical data. This explains the discrepancy between the graphic above and the incidents included below.

Download incident data

Racism and xenophobia

DateType of incidentSourceDescription
2019-02Violent attacks against peopleSETAA person was subjected to anti-Muslim and anti-Russian insults and physically assaulted.
2019-05Violent attacks against peopleSETAA Pakistani man was subjected to xenophobic insults and physically assaulted.

Bias against Muslims

DateType of incidentSourceDescription
2019-02Violent attacks against peopleSETAA person was subjected to anti-Muslim and anti-Russian insults and physically assaulted.
2019-08Violent attacks against peopleUNHCRA male asylum seeker working as a taxi driver was subjected to anti-Muslim insults and physically assaulted by a customer due to his perceived religion.
2019-12Violent attacks against peopleSETAA woman wearing a headscarf was spat at.

Bias against Christians

DateType of incidentSourceDescription
2019-12Attacks against propertyHoly SeeFour tombstones and a granite cross in a cemetery were overturned.

INTERNATIONAL REPORTS

No information is available.

KEY OBSERVATION

ODIHR observes that Estonia has not reported to ODIHR the numbers of prosecuted hate crime cases and information on sentenced hate crime cases.


Document data: published 16.11.2020. Link: http://hatecrime.osce.org/estonia?year=2019

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