3. RACISM, XENOPHOBIA AND RELATED INTOLERANCE
3.2. LEGAL AND POLICY INITIATIVES TO CURB HATE CRIME AND HATE SPEECH FALL SHORT
In Estonia, the penal code explicitly prohibits incitement to hatred,30 while punishment for hate crimes can be imposed by applying a provision regarding aggravating circumstances.
30 Estonia, Penal Code (Karistusseadustik), § 151, 1 September 2002
In 2019, Estonia, 40 Hungary41 and Spain42 published instructions and guidelines for criminal justice personnel for identifying, recording, investigating and prosecuting hate crimes. [..]
40 Estonia, Ministry of Justice (Justiitsministeerium), email correspondence, 16 September 2019. The guideline was published in 2016 and updated in 2019.
Document data: 11.06.2020. ISBN 978-92-9474-895-9 Link: https://fra.europa.eu/sites/default/files/fra_uploads/fra-2020-fundamental-rights-report-2020_en.pdf