Fundamental Rights Report 2020 (excerpts), 2020

3. RACISM, XENOPHOBIA AND RELATED INTOLERANCE

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3.2. LEGAL AND POLICY INITIATIVES TO CURB HATE CRIME AND HATE SPEECH FALL SHORT

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In Estonia, the penal code explicitly prohibits incitement to hatred,30 while punishment for hate crimes can be imposed by applying a provision regarding aggravating circumstances.

30 Estonia, Penal Code (Karistusseadustik), § 151, 1 September 2002

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In 2019, Estonia, 40 Hungary41 and Spain42 published instructions and guidelines for criminal justice personnel for identifying, recording, investigating and prosecuting hate crimes. [..]

40 Estonia, Ministry of Justice (Justiitsministeerium), email correspondence, 16 September 2019. The guideline was published in 2016 and updated in 2019.


Document data: 11.06.2020. ISBN 978-92-9474-895-9 Link: https://fra.europa.eu/sites/default/files/fra_uploads/fra-2020-fundamental-rights-report-2020_en.pdf

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