Language Education Policy Profile (excerpts on Russian minority schools), 2010

1 The Policy Context [..] 1.2 The Political and Legal Context [..] 1.2.3 Education Laws [..] The language of instruction in public educational institutions is to be primarily the national language, Estonian, but any language may be used as the language of instruction, provided that “the teaching of Estonian is guaranteed according to conditions specified … Continue reading "Language Education Policy Profile (excerpts on Russian minority schools), 2010"

Language Education Policy Profile (excerpts on tertiary education and teacher training), 2020

3 Languages as media of instruction and languages as academic subjects in Vocational, Third level and Adult Education [..] 3.3 Third-level Education [..] 3.3.1 Estonian In accordance with the Universities Act (§22(8)) and Institutions of Professional Higher Education Act (§17), the language of instruction at the university level is Estonian; the use of other languages … Continue reading "Language Education Policy Profile (excerpts on tertiary education and teacher training), 2020"

Language Education Policy Profile (excerpts on employment and media), 2010

1 The Policy Context [..] 1.3 The Economic and Socio-demographic Context [..] 1.3.2 The Economy and Labour market The period following the restoration of independence witnessed dramatic changes in the Estonian labour market19. The size of the labour force declined. The primary sector (agriculture, fishing, forestry) effectively collapsed, the industrial sector also contracted, while the … Continue reading "Language Education Policy Profile (excerpts on employment and media), 2010"

Language Education Policy Profile (excerpts on demographics and citizenship), 2010

1 The Policy Context [..] 1.2 The Political and Legal Context [..] 1.2.2 Citizenship Laws According to the 1992 Citizenship Act persons residing in Estonia, who held Estonian citizenship before June 16, 1940, and their descendants (approximately 900,000 persons), automatically became citizens of post-Soviet Estonia. The current requirements for citizenship for other residents include: long-term … Continue reading "Language Education Policy Profile (excerpts on demographics and citizenship), 2010"

Language Education Policy Profile (excerpts on Russian language in Estonian medium schools), 2010

2 Languages as media of instruction and languages as school subjects in Schools of General Education 2.1 Introduction and Overview [..] Languages as school subjects [..] Composite figures given in the Foreign Language Strategy indicates clearly the respective positions of English and Russian and the definite overall pattern: English as language A (student’s first choice … Continue reading "Language Education Policy Profile (excerpts on Russian language in Estonian medium schools), 2010"

Language Education Policy Profile (excerpts on integration and Estonian language learning), 2010

1 The Policy Context [..] 1.4 The Ethno-linguistic Context [..] 1.4.2 Linguistic Repertoire of Estonian Society [..] Estonian as a Second Language The Labour Force Surveys31 shows evidence of an increase in the percentages of the nonEstonian population who claim to be able to speak Estonian. In these eleven surveys, the claimed ability levels of … Continue reading "Language Education Policy Profile (excerpts on integration and Estonian language learning), 2010"

Language Education Policy Profile (excerpts on vocational schools), 2010

3 Languages as media of instruction and languages as academic subjects in Vocational, Third level and Adult Education [..] 3.2 Vocational Education [..] 3.2.1 Estonian During the 2007/2008 academic year there were 47 vocational education institutions in Estonia, of which 32 were state, 3 municipal and 12 private institutions. According to the Vocational Educational Institutions … Continue reading "Language Education Policy Profile (excerpts on vocational schools), 2010"

Language Education Policy Profile (excerpts on sign language), 2010

3 Languages as media of instruction and languages as academic subjects in Vocational, Third level and Adult Education [..] 3.5 Estonian Sign Language Since 2007, the Estonian sign language has an official status in Estonia. It is defined as “an independent language and a form of Estonian” (CR, p. 14). Officially, the state “shall enhance … Continue reading "Language Education Policy Profile (excerpts on sign language), 2010"

Language Education Policy Profile (excerpts on “smaller”and “historical” minority languages), 2010

1 The Policy Context [..] 1.4 The Ethno-linguistic Context [..] 1.4.2 Linguistic Repertoire of Estonian Society [..] Foreign Languages In the Estonian Labour Force Surveys, the ability levels of Ethnic Estonians aged between 15 and 74 years to speak Russian declined slowly over the period. In 1997, some 36% claimed to be able to speak … Continue reading "Language Education Policy Profile (excerpts on “smaller”and “historical” minority languages), 2010"